Where Is The Munich Agreement Document

… The solution to the Czechoslovakian problem that has just been found is, in my opinion, only the prelude to a larger colony in which all Europe can find peace. This morning I had another meeting with the German Chancellor, Mr. Hitler, and this is the document that bears his name, as well as mine. Some of you may have already heard what it contains, but I`d just like to read it to you: ` … We consider the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as a symbol of the desire of our two peoples never to go to war again. [96] Czechoslovakians were appalled by the colony of Munich. They were not invited to the conference and felt betrayed by the British and French governments. Many Czechs and Slovaks describe the Munich agreement as a Munich diktat (Czech: Mnichovska diktéta); in Slovak: Mnechovska diktét). The phrase “Munich betrayal” (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; In Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) is also used because Czechoslovakia`s military alliance with France proved useless. This is also reflected in the fact that the French government, in particular, had considered that Czechoslovakia would be held responsible for any European war that would result if the Czechoslovak Republic defended itself by force against German abuses.

In 1938, the Soviet Union was allied with France and Czechoslovakia. In September 1939, the Soviets were in every respect a fighter with Nazi Germany, due to Stalin`s fears that a second Munich agreement with the Soviet Union would replace Czechoslovakia. Thus, the agreement indirectly contributed to the outbreak of war in 1939. [60] (7) There will be a right to vote in and from the transferred territories, the possibility of exercising within six months of the date of this agreement. A German-Czechoslovakian commission defines the terms of the option, examines the possibilities of facilitating the transmission of the population and resolves the fundamental issues arising from this transfer. On his way back from Munich, Chamberlain told an excited crowd at Heston airport: “It is peace for our time” and he praised the agreement he had signed with Hitler. This was the culmination of the policy of appeasement. Six months later, Hitler stopped his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague.

Within a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany. On 18 September, Italy`s Duce Benito Mussolini gave a speech in Trieste, Italy, where he said: “If there are two camps for and against Prague, we know that Italy has chosen its side”, with the obvious consequence that Mussolini supported Germany in the crisis. [30] On 22 September, Hitler called for the immediate surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany and the evacuation of the Czechoslovakian population by the end of the month. The next day, Czechoslovakia ordered a military mobilization. The war seemed imminent and France began on 24 September with a partial mobilization. Chamberlain and French Prime Minister Daladier went to Munich without preparation for the outbreak of hostilities, where they gave in on 30 September to Hitler`s demands. The New York Times made the front page of the Munich agreement: “Hitler receives less than his claims from the Sudetenland,” and reports that a “joyful crowd” had applauded Daladier on his return to France and that Chamberlain had been “wildly applauded” upon his return to the UK. [54] Daladier hated the appeasement of the Nazis by the Munich Pact, but Chamberlain was enthusiastic and even stayed in Munich to sign a unilateral document with Hitler which he said secured the future of Anglo-German peace.